The demand for
water over the years have gone up because of growing industralization,
agriculture and population growth. To preserve water dams
are built, wells are dug and in some countries water is recycled.
ANCIENT METHODS TO CONSERVE WATER: -
5000 years ago during the Indus Valley Civilization urban
water supply and sewage was one of the most sophisticated
systems in the world. At both Mohenjodaro and Harappa there
were covered drains running beneath the streets. To store
water each fort had its own storage system like ponds, wells,
tanks etc which still exists.
To transport water
to distant places there were underground pipes and tunnels
2) RAINWATER HARVESTING: -
Water in the urban areas
do not soak because of construction of houses and roads whereas
water quickly flows in the rivers in the rural areas and even
drys up after the rain stops.
Storing rain water
underground or on the roofs of building is mainly known as
making rainwater harvesting compulsory in all new structures.
If a new building did not have rain water harvesting no water
would be provided. To ensure groundwater level these rules
should be implemented.
The benefits of
rain water harvesting are it is environmentally friendly,
increases water availability and prevents soil erosion and
3) CONSERVING WATER AT HOME: -
There are some simple things
to conserve water:
* Saving water every day even
a drop can make a difference.
* Use only limited amount of water
that is required.
* Encourage friends and neighbours
to conserve water.
* Look for new ways to conserve
water at home.
* Ensure that your home do not
have leaking pipes.
* While brushing teeth or washing
do not leave your taps open.
* Do not unnecessarily flush the
* Place a drum on a platform to
* While washing dishes and clothes
do not leave the taps running.
* Make sure that these is no leakage
in the toilet tanks.