A lake is a place where water from
various sources like rain water, rivers, etc. accumulate.
There are two types of lakes, fresh water lakes and salt water
lakes. The Dal lake in Srinagar is the best example of fresh
water lake and the Sambhar lake in Rajasthan is the example
of salt water lake. Large variety of aquatic life have their
homes in lakes.
The main cause of the world’s
lake getting contaminated is due to discharge of industrial
effluents, fishing, cities expansion, agriculture etc.
This lake is one of the
largest lakes in India, located in Rajasthan and is the most
important wintering areas for flamingo.
THE TSO MORARI LAKE: -
This lake is about 22 km long situated in the ladakh region
and has a depth of more than 30m.
This lake is situated in Srinagar and is also their source
of drinking water. It acts as an absorption basin for floodwater.
Deepor Beel has a great environmental importance situated
southwest of Gowahati City. It is also the permanent fresh
water lake and the only major storm water storage basin for
The abundant growth of water is the major problem of this
lake. To control siltation in some critical areas, afforestation
of catchment area has been carried out.
BHOJ WETLAND: -
This lake is located in Bhopal which supports a wide variety
of flora and fauna. Upper and Lower lakes are the two man-made
lakes this rivers consists of. In the 11th century the upper
lake was created and two centuries ago the lower lake was
For the central and western
Asia population of Siberian cranes this is the only wintering
site in India. In the last two decades the population of Siberian
cranes has decreased.
HUSSAIN SAGAR LAKE: -
This lake was built on the tributary of river Musi during
the reign of Ibrahim Qutub Shah. It is located in Hyderabad
and is one of the largest man-made lakes in Asia.