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GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT - Dr. L. Nagpal       

3rd Month


Physical Development
a. The baby is able to lift the head for some minutes and hold it more steadily when held in the sitting position.
b. The baby continues to straighten out his body and will move his arms and legs vigorously.
c. The baby can now roll from back to side.

d. The baby is able to bear weight on the legs for sometime.
e. The baby plays with legs and hands.


Mental  Development

a. The baby likes colourful and contrasting images.
b. The baby discovers his hands and feet and uses them to explore objects.
c. The baby develops hearing and visual skills and responds to voices.


Language Development

a. Crying in baby decreases.
b. The baby now starts to laugh.
c. The baby now has different cries to different needs.
d. The baby expresses himself by cooing and giggling.


Social Development

a. The baby makes eye contact.
b. The baby smiles at faces and knows the difference between parents and strangers.
c. The baby's eating and sleeping habits start getting more organized.


4th Month

Physical Development

a. The baby lifts the head by 90 degrees and holds the head well.
b. The baby rolls from front to side.
c. The baby is able to stand up with some assistance.
d. The baby tries to reach for objects.
e. The baby sits with the arms propped.


Mental Development

a. Improvement in babies eyesight and they can focus at different distances.
b. The baby starts understanding the difference between different people and objects.


Language Development

a. The baby maintains a strong steady cry.
b. The baby starts imitating a few sounds.
c. The baby starts smiling, squealing and cooing if spoken to.


Social Development

a. The baby may start laughing and becomes more social.
b. The baby enjoys being held, bounced, cuddled and played with.
c. When taking a bath the baby enjoys splashing and kicking around in the water.


5th Month

Physical Development

a. The baby now starts showing various kinds of activity.
b. The baby sits supported for long periods up to 30 minutes or sits
alone momentarily.
c. The baby moves toys and other objects from one hand to another .
d. The baby starts rolling from the front to back.
e. The baby begins handling, reaching and fisting with objects.


Mental Development

a. The baby is attracted towards colourful objects.
b. The baby pushes away disliked actions (like wiping the nose).
c. The baby turns his head to sounds or recognition of someone calling their names.
d. The baby copies movements and sounds.


Language Development

a. The baby babbles (ba-ba).
b. The baby tries to copy sounds.
c. The baby tries to make sounds to get your attention.


Social Development

a. The baby is now alert for at least half of the working hours.
b. The baby frolics when played with.
c. The baby shows expressions of annoyance, anger and frustration.
d. The baby has a lagging interest in breast feeding.

 

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