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GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT - Dr. L. Nagpal


Physical Development :
a. The child can initially put on his or her shirt and t-shirt, but needs help to put on shoes.
b. The child may be able to ride a tricycle as he begins to mature and becomes 6 years. He can also ride a bicycle.
c. The child can stand on one leg and jump up and down.
d. The child can also perform a variety of simple household chores.

e. At the age of 4 - 5 years, the child should have a steady hand and can firmly grip a pencil or crayon.
f. As the child grows up, he learns to play with a ball and can throw it overhead.
g. At the age of 6  years it is very common for children to play pretend roles and act out small little skits.


Language Development :

a. Initially at the age of 3 years, majority of the child's speech is intelligent and can be understood, however there may be certain periods when the child stutters and stammers.
b. The child can initially identify and say the names aloud of simple objects and items.
c. The child can easily identify and name few elementary colors.
d. Around the age of 4 years, the child can count from 1 to 10.
e. Towards the end of this age period, the child should use sentences with about 7 to 9 words and should also be able to narrate simple stories.


Social Development :

a. At the age of 3 years, the child likes to play with other children at the nursery and sing along songs and nursery rhymes.
b. The child can identify what different people look like and they learn to identify the differences in people.
c. In this age group, the child can will also realize their gender differences and correctly think of themselves as girls or boys.
d. When children play with other children, they realize that games have rules and the difference between right and wrong.


Emotional Development :

a. The child at a very early age of 3 - 4 years can identify emotions such as anger, sadness and fear.
b. The child can understand the clear distinction between right and wrong.
c. At the age of 5 - 6 years, doing any task gives them a sense of accomplishment and pride.
d. This is also an age when the child wants to become more independent and responsible.
e. It is important for the parents to encourage the child to develop a good self-esteem and image about himself.

 

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